If you are looking for EIA UK, it's overhere.

California’s New Plan to Reduce HFCs in Supermarkets

California’s New Plan to Reduce HFCs in Supermarkets

Part one in a series on policy trends on eliminating HFCs, emerging from California.

It’s not an exaggeration to say that California will reshape the U.S. cooling sector in the next decade. New regulations and incentives to reduce potent climate warming refrigerants – hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) – will help drive innovation and faster adoption of climate-friendly technologies in refrigeration, air conditioning, and even the water heating systems in our homes, office buildings, and supermarkets.

HFC emissions have been rising sharply in California and globally. Yet, the state has a rapidly approaching target under SB 1383 to reduce them to about half of current levels by 2030. California is racing the clock to meet this 2030 target by finalizing initial rules this year, while also considering additional measures to set this sector on a long-term path consistent with achieving carbon neutrality in 2045.

EIA attended a workshop with California’s Air Resources Board (ARB) last week on the evolving regulatory proposal the agency plans to finalize this summer. Most aspects of ARB’s proposal remain unchanged: GWP limits will be <150 for new stationary refrigeration systems starting in 2022 and <750 for new residential and commercial air conditioning starting in 2023. The key new updates from last week’s workshop pertain to the supermarket sector:

New Plan to Convert Supermarkets

The big news of the meeting was a new proposal to require conversion of the installed base of supermarket refrigeration systems. All California retailers with a refrigeration system containing over 50lbs of refrigerant will have to comply with one of two new options by 2030: a) reduce company-wide average refrigerant GWP to 1400, or b) reduce their baseline refrigerant GHG potential by 55%. Larger companies with at least 20 stores will also have an interim target to meet in 2026.

EIA called for all US supermarkets to voluntarily take this step last year, estimating that reducing the average GWP of supermarket refrigerants by 50% across the country would reduce annual emissions by more than 22 million metric tons of CO2 equivalent. That’s the same as planting 184,00 acres, or 140,00 football fields, of new forests each year.

Retailers can meet this through a combination of two approaches. The preferred option is to replace aging, less energy efficient systems with ultra-low GWP, HFC-free refrigerants. They can also perform gas retrofits from HFC-404A (4,000 GWP) to transitional refrigerants that still pack a powerful climate punch around 1,400 GWP.

Supermarket CFOs beware that 1400 GWP refrigerants will need to be replaced again in the near term. Avoid paying for a ‘double whammy’ transition by developing a strategy to leapfrog transitional refrigerants and rely mainly on conversions to ultra-low GWP solutions.

The average supermarket chain could meet this by replacing around 5-7% of existing systems each year with ultra-low GWP refrigerants. Since supermarket refrigeration systems have about 20-year lifespans, this rate of replacement may not even need to greatly exceed normal replacement rates. To meet the targets with gas retrofits only, would require retrofitting nearly 100% of existing stores. ARB’s proposed schedule for meeting this conversion is likely to be accelerated over time, so a strategy centered primarily on adopting ‘future proof’ alternatives makes even better business sense for compliance with this new proposal.

Launch of ‘FRIP’ Incentive Program

ARB also announced the launch of the F-Gas Reduction Incentive Program (FRIP) this summer, which will also focus on the supermarket refrigeration sector. ARB’s initial proposal for the program structure envisions half of funding allocated to projects for ‘innovative’ or ultra-low GWP solutions and the other half to ‘conventional’ retrofits to transitional 1400 GWP refrigerants. Using cap and trade funds to subsidize 1400 GWP chemicals runs contrary to California's climate leadership role. ARB will be taking feedback on design of the program until March 15th before releasing draft program guidelines in April and opening it to applications in the summer. Stakeholders should call for the program to prioritize projects that help overcome market hurdles for adopting the lowest GWP solutions that will maximize emission reductions.

Just the Beginning

It’s pivotal that new HFC regulations go into effect quickly and be comprehensive enough to achieve the state’s climate goals. The current HFC regulation to be finalized this July and the launch of the FRIP incentive program are shaping to be a strong start, but are also just the beginning. ARB staff noted that the currently proposed requirements are unlikely to be enough to meet the 2030 target, and that other measures to address refrigerant banks such as a servicing ban on virgin high-GWP refrigerants are still on the table.

If federal action on HFCs continues to be elusive in coming years, California’s new rules will pave the road forward for other states, a number of which are already taking action on HFCs. If the federal government picks up the slack by implementing an HFC phase-down, California’s goals call for faster and deeper HFC emission reductions and could lay the groundwork for demonstrating that the HFC phase-down can be accelerated.

The Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) also organized a workshop on accelerating adoption of heat pump water heaters to replace systems that utilize natural gas; check this space again in two weeks for more discussion on aligning HFC reductions with decarbonization, in the next post in this series.

View all Blog Posts

Recent Blog Posts

Update on North American Safety Standards for Climate-Friendly Refrigerants
This month a new standards proposal under ASHRAE-15, represents some progress for uptake of climate-friendly hydrocarbon refrigerants to replace super pollutant hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). The proposal allows hydrocarbons to be used in corridors and lobbies of commercial buildings like hotels. It allows up to 114 grams of propane where previously none was allowed at all. This will enable vending machines and most other light commercial refrigeration equipment like small one door beverage coolers containing hydrocarbons to be used in these spaces.
Montreal Protocol Countries Make Key Decisions in Rome
At MOP 31, 171 nations grappled with improving enforcement, monitoring banned gases, financing the MLF, ensuring a sustainable cold chain, and more.

Recent Reports

EIA Comments on ASHRAE-15 Standards Proposal
EIA comments on a proposed revision to a major U.S. safety standards, ASHRAE-15, calling for important revisions.
Search, Reuse and Destroy: Initiating Global Discussion to Act on a 100 Billion Ton Climate Problem
Search, Reuse and Destroy: Initiating Global Discussion to Act on a 100 Billion Ton Climate Problem

Recent Press Releases

EIA Response to New Nature Paper on Urgent Need to Recover and Destroy CFC Banks
Washington DC – A new paper published in Nature today warns that emissions from ‘banks’ of ozone-destroying CFCs, could potentially delay the Antarctic ozone hole recovery by about six years. The new paper, Quantifying contributions of chlorofluorocarbon banks to emissions and impacts on the ozone layer and climate, also estimates that future emissions from current CFC banks could lead to an additional 9 billion metric tonnes CO2e between 2020 and 2100.
EPA Rescinds Requirements on Super-Pollutant HFCs, Reversing Basic Safeguards on Leaks
EPA Rescinds Requirements on Super-Pollutant HFCs, Reversing Basic Safeguards on Leaks

Recent Videos

Raw Intelligence: GOCA
Mr. Lu is the Secretary of the Association of Overseas Chinese in Gabon and a leading figure in the Forest Union of the Asian Industry in Gabon (UFIAG). He doesn’t miss an opportunity to publicly defend Chinese logging companies in Gabon, and to assert that these entrepreneurs operate with the best of intentions.
Intelligence Brute: ACOG
M. Lu est le secrétaire de l'Association des Chinois d'outre-mer au Gabon et une des figures de proue de l'Union forestière des industries asiatiques du Gabon (UFIAG). Il ne manque pas une occasion de défendre publiquement les sociétés forestières asiatiques et d’affirmer que ces entrepreneurs agissent avec les meilleures intentions du monde.
What are the HFC-free Technologies?
Widespread adoption of HFC-free technologies is cost-effective, energy efficient, and climate-friendly. Read EIA’s report Putting the Freeze on HFCs for hundreds of examples of HFC-free technologies available and in use today.
A Global HFC Phase-down
The October 2016 Montreal Protocol meeting in Kigali, Rwanda yielded a global agreement to phase down HFCs. Now countries must ratify and implement the Kigali Amendment! Read and share EIA's briefing on this great opportunity and obligation to avert climate catastrophe.
Help us mitigate climate destroying gases
Where are HFCs used?
What are HFCs?
How to Recycle Your Fridge