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Moment of Truth/El Momento de la Verdad Documents/Documentos

Chapter 1
1. [Figure 2, Endnotes 25, 69, 175] Letter from Osinfor President to ADEX offering help to exporters to determine legal origin of timber products / Carta del Presidente de Osinfor a ADEX que ofrece apoyo a los exportadores para determinar el origen legal de sus productos.
Presidencia Ejecutiva, Osinfor (25 February 2014). Letter to Erik Fischer Llanos, President of the Timber Committee at the Peruvian Association of Exporters, ADEX.


2. [Endnote 31] Official response by Osinfor to EIA's Access to information request regarding number and distribution of personnel / Respuesta oficial de Osinfor a una solicitud de información EIA sobre la cantidad y la distribución del personal.
Oficio N. 198-2017-Osinfor/05.2.5-RAIP.


3. [Endnote 36] Search warrant for Global Plywood and Lumber / Orden de Allanamiento, Global Plywood and Lumber.
Application for a Search Warrant filed 6/6/16 in U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California, In the Matter of the Search of Global Plywood and Lumber, Inc. Case 3:16-mj-01610-MDD, Document 1


4. [Endnote 48] Scientific recommendation to protect Dipteryx sp. under Peruvian law / Carta con recomendación scientífica de proteger Dipteryx sp. bajo la ley peruana.
Letter to Minister of Agriculture, Minister of Environment, and Director of Serfor from 75 scientists (29 November 2016).


Chapter 2 
5. [Endnote 57] Letter from EIA to USTR regarding petition to invoke Forest Annex / Carta de EIA a USTR solicitando verificaciones bajo el Anexo Forestal.
Letter from Andrea Johnson, Director of Forest Campaigns, and Julia Urrunaga, Director of Peru Programs, Environmental Investigation Agency, to Ron Kirk, US Trade Representative (17 April 2012)


6. [supplemental materials] Full text of EIA petition to invoke Forest Annex / Texto de la solicitud de EIA al USTR
complete text EIA US-Peru TPA request 17 April 2012


7. [Endnote 58] Letter from USTR to EIA responding to petition to invoke Forest Annex / Carta de USTR a EIA en respuesta a la solicitud bajo el Anexo Forestal.
Letter from Ron Kirk, US Trade Representative, to Alexander von Bismarck of the Environmental Investigation Agency (6 December 2012).


8. [Endnote 64] Correspondence between forest authority and Osinfor related to forest consultants who have signed fraudulent POAs / Correspondencia entre la autoridad forestal y Osinfor relacionado con consultores forestales que han firmado POAs falsos.
481-2013-AG-DGFFS (11 April 2013)
002-2013-Osinfor/06.1-06.2 (10 May 2013)
Oficio N. 105-2014-Osinfor/01.1 (8 May 2014)


9. [Endnote 70, 177] Official response by Osinfor to EIA’s Access to information request regarding whether exporters have requested supervisions of possible timber sources. Respuesta oficial de Osinfor a una solicitud de información EIA sobre si exportadores han pedido revisiones de sus posibles fuentes de madera.
Oficio No. 192-2017-Osinfor/05.2.5-RAIP (17 October 2017)


Chapter 4
10. [Endnote 87] Screenshots from website peruvianamazonline.com.pe, now taken off-line.
Screenshot 1
Screenshot 2
Screenshot 3
Screenshot 4


11. [Endnote 101] Osinfor internal report about harvest from “plantations” in Ucayali province, Loreto region, 2014 / Informe interno de Osinfor sobre aprovechamiento de “plantaciones forestales” en la provincial de Ucayali, Loreto, 2014
Informe No. 007-2015-Osinfor/06.2.1 (13 April 2015). Informe complementario sobre el análisis de las autorizaciones para el aprovechamiento forestal en plantaciones forestales otorgados en la provincia de Ucayali, Región Loreto durante el año 2014, en marco de la Resolución Jefatural N. 113-2003-INRENA.


11a. [supplemental materials] Osinfor internal report about harvest authorizations for forest plantations / Informe interno de Osinfor sobre autorizaciones de aprovechamiento de plantaciones forestales.
Informe 003-2015-Osinfor/06.2.1 (10 February 2015). Informe sobre la situación de las Autorizaciones de Aprovechamiento Forestal en plantaciones forestales otorgados en marco de la Resolución Jefatural N. 113-2003-INRENA.


12. [Endnote 107]). Results of inspection of logging contracts and forest management plans included in the US verification request under the auspieces of the US-Peru TPA / Resultados de supervisión y fiscalización de títulos habilitantes y planes de manejo forestal comprendidos en la solicitud de verificación realizado por los EE.UU., en el marco del compromiso asumido en el Acuerdo de Promoción Comercial Perú – Estados Unidos.
Informe No. 013-2016-Osinfor/01.1.1 (3 June 2016)


13. [Endnote 113, 178] Serfor report regarding internal review of the GTFs and logging contract information in August 2015 Yacu Kallpa shipments / Informe de Serfor sobre la revision de GTFs del embarque de Yacu Kallpa Agosto 2015.
Informe 069-2016-Serfor/DGGSPFFS-DCGPFFS (18 February 2016).


13a. [Endnote 127] Official document establishing temporary custody of decomissioned forest products on the Yacu Kallpa / Acta fiscal de custodia temporal de productos forestales maderables con decomiso especial conforme al Decreto Legislativo 1220. Signed by FEMA Loreto prosecutor, Pablo Cesar Ormeño Quiroz, “Capitán de Travesía” and Manager for Agencia Naviera Maynas SA, Carlos Alberto Scarpatti Espinoza, “Capitán de Travesía” for the vessel Yacu Kallpa, Julio Cesar Cardenas Ferreyra, and others
Acta Fiscal (November 27, 2015).


14. [Endnote 135] Letter from Alejandro Ruíz Robles, member of the Mexico-Peru Chamber of Commerce, addressed to Jaime Sparks De las Casas, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Peru / Carta de Alejandro Ruíz Robles de la Cámara de Comercio Mexicano-Peruana, al Ministro de Relaciones Exteriores De Perú.
Letter from Mexico-Peru Chamber of Commerce (27 October 2015)


15. [Endnote 136] Letter from Jorge Almada Nagy, President of IMEXFOR addressed to Mr. Nava Aguilera, Tampico´s Port Management Authority (9 October 2015) / Carta de Jorge Almada Nagy, Presidente de IMEXFOR, a la Administración Portuaria Integral de Tampico.
Comunicaciones entre embajadas y consulados peruanas en EEUU y México


16. [Endnote 137] Official correspondence from the Minister Counselor Elizabeth Gonzalez Portuas addressed to Ricardo Treviño Chapa, General Customs Administrator of Mexico´s Ministry of Finance (12 October 2015) / Carta de la Ministra Consejera al Administrador General de Aduanas de México.
See link in 15 above.


Chapter 5
17. [Endnote 158] Resolution terminating Rolando Navarro as President of Osinfor / Encargan funciones de presidente ejecutivo del Osinfor.
Supreme Resolution N. 011-2016-PCM (14 January 2016).


18. [Endnote 167] Letter from Magaly Silva Velarde, Minister of Exterior Trade and Tourism, addressed to USTR Ambassador Michael Froman, ref. decommissioned wood in Houston / Carta de la Ministra de Mincetur al Embajador de Comercio Estadounidense, Ref. Casos de madera peruana decomisada en Houston.
Oficio N. 94-2016-Minectur/DM (28 February 2016).


18a. [supplemental material] Letter from Fabiola Muñoz Dodero, Serfor Director, addressed to Magaly Silva Velarde, Minister of Exterior Trade and Tourism, ref. “proposed communication” / Carta a la Directora de Serfor a la Ministra de Mincetur, Asunto: Propuesta de comunicación.
Oficio N. 091-2016-Serfor-DE (26 February 2016).


19. [Endnote 170]. Final correspondence from Rolando Navarro Gómez, Osinfor President, to Edgar Vásquez Vela, Viceminister of Exterior Trade, ref. results of Operation Amazonas 2015 / La última comunicación del Presidente de Osinfor al Viceministro de Comercio Exterior, Asunto: Remisión de informe sobre resultados del Operativo Internacional “Operación Amazonas 2015”.
Oficio 015-2016-Osinfor/01.1 (14 January 2016).


20. [Endnote 172] Letter from Fabiola Muñoz, Serfor Director, to Leslie Fleming Luczkowski, US Customs and Border Protection. Lima, Peru, ref. decommissioned wood in Houston / Carta de la directora de Serfor a la Asistente Directora del Puerto de Houston, asunto: caso de madera peruana decomisa en Houston.
Carta 061-2016-Serfor-DE (8 April 2016).


21. [Endnote 173] Letter from Fabiola Muñoz, Serfor Director, to Leslie Fleming Luczkowski, US Customs and Border Protection. Lima, Peru, ref. Popp Forest Products Inc case / Carta de la directora de Serfor a la Asistente Directora del Puerto de Houston, asunto: caso de Popp Forest Products Inc.
Carta 062-2016-Serfor-DE (8 April 2016).


22. [Endnote 174] Letter from Fabiola Muñoz, Serfor Director, to Steve Popp from Popp Forest Products Inc. Lima, Peru / Carta de la Directora de Serfor al importador estadounidense Steve Popp.
Carta 094-2016-Serfor-DE (22 April 2016).


23. [Endnote 176] Letters from Osinfor to exporters regarding logging contracts supervised by Osinfor / Carta de Osinfor a exportadores Ref: Información sobre títulos habilitantes supervisados por el Osinfor. Addressed to / Enviado a: Madereras Elaboradas del Oriente SAC, Corporación Industrial Forestal, Maderera Vulcano SAC, Maderas Peruanas SAC, Inversiones Técnicas Maderables SAC, KMU Perú SAC, Sico Maderas SAC, San Marino Industria & Comercio SAC, Triplay Iquitos SAC.
Oficio Multiple N.002-2015-OSINFOR letter to exporter Corporacion Industrial Forestal
Oficio Multiple N.002-2015-OSINFOR letter to exporter Inversiones WCA
Oficio Multiple N.002-2015-OSINFOR letter to exporter La Oroza
Oficio Multiple N.002-2015-OSINFOR letter to exporter Maderera Zapote
Oficio Multiple N.002-2015-OSINFOR letter to exporter Sico Maderas


24. [Endnote 187] Letter to Alfonso Luyo Carbajal, National Customs Superintendent, Sunat, signed by Fabiola Muñoz Dodero, Executive Director, Serfor, ref. restricted merchandise / Carta de Directora Ejecutiva, Serfor, al Superintendente Nacional de Aduanas, Sunat, Ref: Mercancia restringida.
See #28 below (Oficio N. 384-2015-Serfor-DE).


Chapter 6
25. [Endnotes 193, 204] Letter signed by Erik Fischer Llanos (ADEX) and Alfredo Biasevich Barreto (SNI) addressed to Walter Cárdenas Mendoza, Superintendent of Sunat, ref. modifications to DAM format / carta de los representantes de ADEX y SNI al superintendente de Sunat, asunto: modificaciones al formato DAM.
SNI – ADEX letter (29 March 2017).


26. [Endnotes 189, 213] Serfor comments on Sunat’s proposed revisions to DAM / Comentarios de Serfor sobre Proyecto de Resolución de Intendencia Nacional que modifica instructivo “Declaración Aduanera de Mercancias (DAM) INTA-IT.00.04.
Technical report 034-2017-Serfor-DGPCFFS-DPR (29 March 2017).


27. [Endnote 230] Maderera Bozovich. Letter to Sunat. Ref: Notificación N. 048-2017-Sunat/391200. Lima, April 18th, 2017.
2017 ap 18 carta Maderera Bozovich a Sunat
2017 ap 11 carta Maderera Bozovich a Sunat


Chapter 7
28. [Endnote 231] Correspondence presented to EIA in response to information request regarding port inspections in 2016 / Comunicaciones sobre las Inspecciones Oculares Previas en 2016.
Memorandum N. 489-2016-Serfor-ATFFS Lima in response to information request N. 182-2016, contains annexed materials Carta N. 084-2016-Serfor-ATFFS Lima (28 June 2016) and Oficio N. 384-2015-Serfor-DE (28 October 2015)


29. [Endnote 231] Letter stating that Serfor only conducts visual inspections on CITES-listed species as of September 2015 / Carta que menciona que desde Septiember 2015 solo realizan inspecciones oculares de especies CITES
403-2016-Serfor/DGGSPFFS-DCGPFFS (13 October 2016).


30. [Endnote 232] Response to Access to Information request regarding 2016-2017 visual inspection data / respuesta a una solicitud de acceso a la información pública sobre los datos de inspecciones oculares en 2016-2017.
Memorandum N. 0457-2017-Serfor-ATFFS LIMA. CUT: 42468-2017 (12 September 2017).

Blog Posts

Room for Improvement: Using DNA Analysis to Address Rhino Horn Trafficking
09/22/2021
Law enforcement officials from around the world have seized illegal supplies of rhino horn at least once a week on average for the past 10 years. The type of seizure ranges widely. It could be a pair of fresh horns confiscated from poachers who just gunned down a rhino inside a national park. Or possibly dozens of horns were discovered cleverly hidden in an air cargo shipment. Sometime it’s just a few grams of powdered horn found in a traveler’s luggage. Maybe a mix of raw and carved horns was seized after a police raid on a trafficker’s home.
Mukulagate
09/16/2021
While the coronavirus pandemic rages on, ravaging Zambia’s economy and crippling its citizens' lives, new findings by the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) show that illegal exploitation and trade in mukula (Pterocarpus tinctorius) persists unabated, benefitting a small number of well-connected and wealthy individuals. A probing undercover investigation into illegal mukula logging and trade sheds light on the apparent theft of more than 10,000 trees and unveils information connecting the Zambia Agency For Persons With Disabilities (ZAPD), the Ministry of Community and Social Services, the Ministry of Tourism and Arts, and the office of the vice president. Nearly two years after EIA’s exposé on the institutional looting of Zambian forests, it appears that the more things have changed with the pandemic, when it comes to mukula, the more they’ve stayed the same.
EPA Must Stop a New Black Market in Super Greenhouse Gases
09/02/2021
Op-ed by Cynthia Giles and Alexander von Bismarck - Against the backdrop of the booming and prosperous drug trade of the 1990s, a lesser known but also lethal black market was emerging from an unfamiliar source – gases that caused the hole in the ozone layer. At the same time ozone-destroying chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) were being phased out globally, CFCs were flooding into the United States illegally...
Still Waiting for Action: Tokyo's Ivory Trade Assessment
08/11/2021
The reality of the scope and impact of COVID-19 hit home for much of the world when the Tokyo 2020 Games were postponed. A year later and looking far different than ever expected or hoped, the Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games finally arrived. As the host of the 2020 Games, Tokyo has come under increased scrutiny for its legal market for elephant ivory. Even as the Games were underway, the influential capital city faced mounting international pressure to close its legal ivory market for good. For World Elephant Day 2021, in between the Tokyo 2020 Olympics and Paralympics, we take a look at where Tokyo stands in doing its part to protect the world's elephants from the threats of ivory trade and poaching. 

Reports

2020 Impact Report
08/11/2021
For EIA, as for the rest of the world, 2020 was a year that brought unprecedented challenges and grave uncertainties. The coronavirus pandemic and its ripple effects on the environment and humanity is a reminder of our interconnectedness with each other and with nature.
EIA briefing to OEWG43: Unexpected CFC-11 emissions
07/09/2021
Briefing to the 43rd Meeting of the Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol (OEWG 43)
The Lie Behind the Ply
06/30/2021
In an unprecedented investigation that connects threatened forests of Solomon Islands, China’s timber manufacturing hubs, and European importers, our new report The Lie Behind the Ply reveals how European consumers of tropical plywood have been the unwitting drivers of forest degradation. Our findings show that European companies appear to have imported thousands of tons of tropical-faced plywood, at high risk of containing illegal wood and in apparent violation of European law.
Letter: NGO Appeal to the Tokyo Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games
06/25/2021
: EIA, JTEF, and HSI appeal to the Tokyo 2020 Organising Committee President and Governor of Tokyo to take action to prevent illegal trade and export of elephant ivory products

Press Releases

Landmark EPA Climate Rulemaking Takes Aim at U.S. Phasedown of Super-Pollutant HFCs
09/23/2021
The Environmental Protection Agency has published a landmark new climate regulation to establish an allocation system to cap and begin phasing down hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), the super pollutant greenhouse gases used mainly in cooling.
US Company Pleads Guilty to Importing Illegal Timber from Peru
09/23/2021
US Company pleads guilty to importing illegal timber from Peru
The Lie Behind the Ply
06/30/2021
European Consumers of Tropical Plywood have been the Unwitting Drivers of Threatened Forest Degradation
Tokyo Fumbles Short-Term Ivory Trade Action
06/25/2021
Conservation, environmental and animal welfare groups bemoaned measures announced today by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government to address Tokyo’s illegal ivory trade as a missed opportunity. Tokyo’s short-term plan is focused only on consumer awareness and falls dramatically short of expectations for substantive action, instead replicating previous failed awareness efforts by Japan’s national government.

Videos

The Lie Behind the Ply
06/30/2021
In an unprecedented investigation that connects threatened forests of Solomon Islands, China’s timber manufacturing hubs, and European importers, our new report The Lie Behind the Ply reveals how European consumers of tropical plywood have been the unwitting drivers of forest degradation. Our findings show that European companies appear to have imported thousands of tons of tropical-faced plywood, at high risk of containing illegal wood and in apparent violation of European law.
Tainted Beef
05/27/2021
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Carne Contaminada
05/27/2021
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Has HS Timber Achieved Full Traceability?
05/20/2021
As the FSC considers reassociating with HS Timber in 2021, we ask: Has HS Timber achieved full traceability? We analyzed Romania's transparent timber traceability system, Forest Inspector, to try and find out.