If you are looking for EIA UK, it's over here.

Trade in Illegal Wood Uncovered

JAPAN – Consumer demand for expensive rosewood furniture and musical instruments in China and elsewhere is the primary driver of an ecologically devastating trade in illegal timber, according to a report published today by the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) and Global Witness. The report, launched at the 10th Conference of Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), shows how this ongoing trade has been facilitated by the complicity of some of Madagascar’s state authorities and weak law-enforcement by the country’s transitional government.

“Madagascar’s natural assets are being stripped to feed a ready network of international buyers,” said Reiner Tegtmeyer of Global Witness. “We first exposed the scale of this problem in October last year but the plunder shows little sign of slowing.”

Since June 2009, Global Witness and the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) have been contracted by Madagascar National Parks (MNP) to investigate the illegal harvesting and trade of ebony, pallisander and rosewood, which spiked dramatically following the political coup in Madagascar. The new report shows that the vast majority of wood is destined for the Chinese luxury furniture market, with small quantities moving to Europe and the US for use in musical instruments.

“In China, Malagasy rosewood beds sell for a million dollars apiece, yet less than 0.1% of the profits remain with local people,” said Alexander von Bismarck of EIA, noting that the group’s investigations found that Chinese traders were often aware that the wood they purchased was endangered and not legally cut. “I don’t think the buyers of these beds would sleep well at night if they knew the full story behind their beds.”

A Decree issued in early 2010 by Madagascar’s Forest Minister reinstated a ban on export of all precious woods. However, the report shows that further shipments of wood have left Madagascar’s ports since then while logging within parks continues. In July, UNESCO put the Rainforests of Atsinanana, the site most affected by the illegal logging, on its World Heritage in Danger List. It urged Madagascar to “take the necessary measures to enforce the decree and halt all illegal logging activities.”

The UNESCO decision also encouraged countries to “ensure that illegal timber originating from Madagascar is both banned and prevented from entering their national markets.” These words echoed a Decision passed by the CBD in 2008 that urged Parties to “take effective legislative and non-legislative measures to prevent harvesting of forest products and resources in violation of national legislation.”

Meanwhile, in Madagascar, new legal measures and enforcement activities appear to indicate a genuine commitment from the Forest Ministry to curb the harvesting and export of precious wood. Madagascar has also formally requested that their trade be controlled through the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

“We welcome the latest indications from the Madagascan government,” said Tegtmeyer, “However, past experience has shown that such measures are often undermined by special exemptions and weak implementation. To plug the gaps, governments of all timber-consuming countries must follow the example of the US and crack down on import of illegal timber.”

Following the first joint report from EIA and Global Witness, the US authorities launched an investigation under the amended Lacey Act, which prohibits companies from trading in illegally sourced timber. This action, coupled with an extensive awareness campaign by civil society groups and concerned scientists, has seen demand for Malagasy rosewood largely dry up in the US and Europe.

The organizations called upon China to take immediate steps to halt imports of wood from Madagascar and move towards stricter policies for its own companies and traders.

“China’s response to these findings will be critical for Madagascar’s biodiversity. China has a great opportunity to help put an end to illegal timber trade and protect biodiversity,” said von Bismarck.

Notes:

•Full report, “Investigation into the Global Trade in Malagasy Precious Woods: Rosewood, Ebony and Pallisander,” available in English and French at www.eia-global.org and www.globalwitness.org.

•The groups’ 2009 report, “Investigation into the illegal felling, transport and export of precious wood in SAVA Region Madagascar”, documents the illegal logging crisis in detail. The report is available at:

http://eia-global.org/forestsfortheworld/forestsfortheworld_reports.html

•The annual rate of primary forest loss in Madagascar is -0.65%, three times higher than Indonesia, according to FAO statistics.

•For more information about the UNESCO decision to place Rainforests of the Atsinanana on the List of World Heritage in Danger, see http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1257

•“Illegal Logging and Related Trade: Indicators of Global Response” (includes estimated impact on emission reductions): http://www.chathamhouse.org.uk/publications/papers/view/-/id/911/

•EIA is a UK- and U.S.-based NGO specializing in exposing environmental crime and abuse, and has investigated illegal timber trade and deforestation for over a decade.

•Global Witness investigates and campaigns to prevent natural resource-related conflict and corruption and associated environmental and human rights abuses.

Environmental Investigation Agency
PO Box 53343, Washington, DC 20009 www.eia-global.org
Tel: +1 202 483 6621/ Fax: +1 202 986 8626

Contacts:

Japan: Andrea Johnson, +81 (0)90 7951 1010, andrea@eia-international.org
Tom Picken, +81 (0)90 7850 0326, tpicken@globalwitness.org

London: Oliver Courtney, +44 (0)20 7492 5848, ocourtney@globalwitness.org

Washington DC: Anne Middleton, +1 202 483 6621, anne@eia-international.org

View all Press Releases

Recent Blog Posts

Not One More: Another Activist Silenced by Arrest in Madagascar
06/07/2018
Christopher Magnenjiky was arrested for obscure and unjust reasons mid-May 2018
Pas un de plus: une autre voix pour la forêt réduite au silence à Madagascar
06/07/2018
Pas un de plus: une autre voix pour la forêt réduite au silence à Madagascar

Recent Reports

Destino China: resumen complementario al informe Momento de la Verdad
02/14/2018
El reciente informe de EIA, El Momento de la Verdad mostró que la ilegalidad y el fraude son generalizados en todo el sector maderero peruano, y que una gran parte de la madera talada ilegalmente se exporta a decenas de países. En “Destino China: resumen complementario al informe Momento de la Verdad”, EIA parte de los mismos datos y análisis para destacar el mayor mercado de destino para las exportaciones de madera ilegal de Perú: China.
Moment of Truth: Promise or Peril for the Amazon as Peru Confronts its Illegal Timber Trade
02/07/2018
EIA’s new report describes important advances since 2012 in Peru’s fight against illegal logging, timber laundering, and its associated international trade – as well as the backlash against these new approaches.

Recent Press Releases

Romanian prosecutors raid Austrian timber giant for alleged organized crime
05/31/2018
Romanian prosecutors raid Austrian timber giant for alleged organized crime
Peru's Fight Against Illegal Timber Trade at Risk as Authorities Weaken Rules and Regulations
02/07/2018
Peruvian forest authorities are weakening the tools and inspections necessary to prevent illegal timber trade, in the face of overwhelming evidence that Peru’s exports to the United States, China, Mexico and 15 other countries contained high percentages of illegal or high-risk wood. Moment of Truth, a new report from the non-profit Environmental Investigation Agency, demonstrates the extent of this illegal trade and the backlash against attempts to fight it.

Recent Videos

The 'S' Files
02/16/2017
EIA's series of videos exposing Holzindustrie Schweighofer's involvement in illegal logging in Romania,
The 'S' Files, Case #3: Depot Deception
12/21/2016
The latest in EIA's video series, The 'S' Files, Depot Deception shows that Holzindustrie Schweighofer, one of the largest timber companies in Europe, appears to be systematically...
Follow us @eiaenvironment on twitter for the latest updates!