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Tip of the Iceberg: Implications of Illegal CFC Production and Use

Just six months after scientists revealed unexpected and high emissions of CFC-11 and EIA investigations promptly provided evidence of illegal use of CFC-11 in China’s polyurethane (PU) foam insulation sector, much has been done to address this enormous environmental crime. China has responded with an unprecedented nationwide enforcement action and has shut down at least one illegal CFC-11 production factory. The Parties to the Montreal Protocol unanimously responded at OEWG-40 to the crisis and will agree vital next steps at the 30th Meeting of the Parties in Quito, Ecuador. This is an opportunity for the Montreal Protocol to take action not just to solve the CFC-11 problem, but to ensure a compliance and enforcement regime robust enough to effectively implement all its decisions. This is a critical time: the Kigali Amendment comes into force in 2019, and major cuts in HCFCs are now occurring in developing countries, setting the scene for increased illegal trade as prices rise and supply runs out.

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Recent Blog Posts

A Week of Climate Action on HFCs and Cooling
09/17/2018
HFCs used in cooling were a hot topic at the Global Climate Action Summit last week in San Francisco. With momentum building for subnational actors like cities, states, and businesses to drive action forward on climate, we have the opportunity to tackle the issue of how we keep cool without warming the planet - by phasing down superpollutant hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and identifying new approaches to maximize energy efficiency as global demand for cooling increases.
Walking the Walk: EIA's Quest for an HFC-free Refrigerator
05/02/2018
Putting our money where our mouth is and procuring a climate friendly fridge

Recent Reports

Smarter Standards: Vital for Kigali Amendment Success
11/16/2017
This report provides updates on the work of key standards bodies relevant to the cooling sector and outlines the climate imperative of modernizing standards for successful implementation of the Kigali Amendment and the ongoing HCFC phase-out.
Transitioning HFCs in India: Why Multinationals Must Support India's Kigali Amendment Goals
10/29/2017
In 2016, EIA released Transitioning HFCs in India, a report estimating the growing contributions of multinational fast food and beverage companies to hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) emissions in India.

Recent Press Releases

MONTREAL PROTOCOL TAKES STEPS TO CRACK DOWN ON ILLEGAL OZONE-KILLER CFCs
11/12/2018
MONTREAL PROTOCOL TAKES STEPS TO CRACK DOWN ON ILLEGAL OZONE-KILLER CFCs
EPA Proposes Rescinding Controls on Leaks of Superpollutant HFCs
09/19/2018
Today the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced it will issue a proposed rule rescinding requirements to control leaks and venting of superpollutant hydrofluorocarbons (HFC) from refrigeration and air conditioning equipment.
Nearing a Global HFC Phase-down
The October 2016 Montreal Protocol meeting in Kigali, Rwanda is expected to yield a global agreement to phase down HFCs. Read and share EIA's briefing on this great opportunity and obligation to avert climate catastrophe.
Where are HFCs used?
What are HFCs?
How to Recycle Your Fridge