In the early 1990s HCFCs became the first generation of substitute chemicals for CFCs and were added to the list of substances controlled by the Montreal Protocol. The Parties to the Montreal Protocol acknowledged that these low-ODP chemicals were ‘transitional substances’ that should be used to facilitate the prompt phase out of CFCs, but ultimately they too were slated for phase out. Although having considerably lower ozone depleting potentials than CFCs, the major problem with HCFCs is their high global warming potentials, of up to 2000 times that of carbon dioxide. Under a business as usual scenario, HCFC and HFC emissions are predicted to be in the region of 2 billion tonnes of carbon equivalent in 2015.
HCFC Phase-out: A Comparative Assessment of the Proposed Adjustments
Ahead of the UN Climate Action Summit this week, millions of protestors participated in the global climate strike last Friday. The strike called on our leaders to take action on climate change as they meet in New York City. According to experts we have just 12 years to respond to climate change, to limit global temperature rise to under 2°C, and to protect life on Earth as we know it.
Racing the Clock: California Nears Final Plan to Cut HFC Emissions in Half by 2030
Search, Reuse and Destroy: Initiating Global Discussion to Act on a 100 Billion Ton Climate Problem
In 2018 the Environmental Investigation Agency continued to confront the greatest environmental threats facing the world today. The EIA team pursued, documented and exposed the activities of syndicates that threaten endangered species, damage the climate and ozone layer, and drive the trade in timber stolen from the world’s most important remaining forests.
“Cool It” Campaign: Groups Take Aim At Walmart’s Massive Refrigerant Leakage Problem
This week California’s legislature approved a 2019-2020 budget providing $1 million to create an incentive program for reducing emissions of fluorinated greenhouse gases, including hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). Established by the California Cooling Act (SB1013) passed last year, the program will incentivize adoption of climate-friendly refrigerant technologies, with a mandate to also consider other co-benefits such as energy efficiency and opportunities for increasing recovery, reclamation, and destruction of refrigerants at end-of-life.
Information obtained by the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) demonstrates conclusively that the use of CFC-11 in China’s rigid polyurethane (PU) foam insulation sector, in particular in the building and construction subsector, is widespread and pervasive. CFC-11 is used as a foam blowing agent for the manufacture of molded foam panels and spray foam used for insulation purposes
What are the HFC-free Technologies?
Widespread adoption of HFC-free technologies is cost-effective, energy efficient, and climate-friendly. Read EIA’s report Putting the Freeze on HFCs for hundreds of examples of HFC-free technologies available and in use today.
A Global HFC Phase-down
The October 2016 Montreal Protocol meeting in Kigali, Rwanda yielded a global agreement to phase down HFCs. Now countries must ratify and implement the Kigali Amendment! Read and share EIA's briefing on this great opportunity and obligation to avert climate catastrophe.
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Where are HFCs used?
What are HFCs?
How to Recycle Your Fridge